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Housing and Land Policy

Independence for the nation of Bophuthatswana had meant that individuals were also able to achieve status as homeowners in their country.

Taking over 30 000 housing units — mainly two- and four-roomed — at independence the Bophuthatswana government continued to build housing units concentrating on Mmabatho, the industrial areas of

Mogwase, Babelegi, Ga-Rankuwa, Mabopane, and Selosesha, and areas close to mining towns.

Between 1977 and 1982 6 300 units — flats, cluster housing, cottages or individuals units — were built. Major developments also included infrastructure such as water, sewerage, roads, stormwater, drainage and electricity.

Where possible individuals were encouraged to purchase their own homes.

Greater emphasis was also placed on private development of infrastructure and construction of affordable houses. Residential serviced stands were provided at various levels of affordability, and those in the poorest sector who could not afford accommodation were assisted by government.

The need to provide sufficient housing needs was met through the combined efforts of government, the private sector, the individual and employers.

During 1982 a Department of Lands and Rural Development had been instituted. Land Administration had to sort out a number of problems such as rights on state land — reserved for tribes and "trust farms" allocated to tribes.

In 1979 the Land Control Act was passed to administer land properly and effectively. Its main objective was to ensure orderly development, particularly of the rural areas. Among other things the Act provided ways to set aside land for specific purposes such as roads, urban development and other projects.

The Land Allocation Board, which was appointed by an Act of Parliament, had as its principal function the allocation of farming land to bona fide farmers for an initial period of seven years. Farming land were allocated in Rustenburg, Marico, Ramatlabama and Ganyesa.


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